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Publication
PubMed ID28342322Published Date2017-07-01JournalUltrasonics, 2017-07-01, Volume 78
DPSM (distributed point source method) is a modeling technique which is based on the concept of Green's function. First, a collection of source and target points are distributed over the solution domain based on the problem description and solution requirements. Then, the effects from all source points are superimposed at the location of every individual target point. Therefore, a successful implementation of DPSM entails an effective evaluation of Green's function between many pairs of sourc…
Publication
PubMed ID27939775Published Date2017-06-15JournalJournal of environmental management, 2017-06-15, Volume 195
We evaluated the potential of an outranking Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis approach for assisting in the participatory assessment of dryland management actions implemented in the San Simon watershed, in southeastern Arizona, USA. We compared an outranking-facilitated assessment of actions with a simple and direct (baseline) ranking of the same actions by the participating stakeholders in terms of: 1) internal homogeneity of each assessment approach, (2) similarity of individual assessments …
Publication
PubMed ID28213151Published Date2017-06-15JournalJournal of colloid and interface science, 2017-06-15, Volume 496
Multiphase flow in porous media is strongly influenced by the wettability of the system, which affects the arrangement of the interfaces of different phases residing in the pores. We present a method for estimating the effective contact angle, which quantifies the wettability and controls the local capillary pressure within the complex pore space of natural rock samples, based on the physical constraint of constant curvature of the interface between two fluids. This algorithm is able to extra…
Publication
PubMed ID27939811Published Date2017-06-15JournalJournal of environmental management, 2017-06-15, Volume 195
The adoption of sustainable land management strategies and practices that respond to current climate and human pressures requires both assessment tools that can lead to better informed decision-making and effective knowledge-exchange mechanisms that facilitate new learning and behavior change. We propose a learning-centered participatory approach that links land management assessment and knowledge exchange and integrates science-based data and stakeholder perspectives on both biophysical and …
Publication
PubMed ID28342351Published Date2017-07-05JournalJournal of hazardous materials, 2017-07-05, Volume 333
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of well-field hydraulics and permeability heterogeneity on mass-removal efficiency for systems comprising large groundwater contaminant plumes. A three-dimensional (3D) numerical model was used to simulate the impact of different well-field configurations on pump-and-treat mass removal for heterogeneous domains. The relationship between reduction in contaminant mass discharge (CMDR) and mass removal (MR) was used as the metric to examine…
Publication
PubMed ID27748508Published Date2017-06-01JournalJournal of cellular physiology, 2017-06-01, Volume 232
Insulin has been shown to elicit changes of Na,K-ATPase activity in various tissues. Na,K-ATPase in the nonpigmented ciliary epithelium (NPE) plays a role in aqueous humor secretion and changes of Na,K-ATPase activity impact the driving force. Because we detect a change of NPE Na,K-ATPase activity in response to insulin, studies were carried out to examine the response mechanism. Ouabain-sensitive rubidium (Rb) uptake by cultured NPE cells, measured as a functional index of Na,K-ATPase-mediat…
Publication
PubMed ID27764963Published Date2017-06-01JournalEthnicity & health, 2017-06-01, Volume 22
To investigate the ethnic differences in osteoporosis (OP) and body composition (BC) and their relationship in the Maonan, Mulam, Hmong, and Yao minorities in China.A total of 860 Maonan, Mulam, Hmong, and Yao women were included in this cross-sectional study. Demographic, health history, and lifestyle information was collected using questionnaires. BC was measured through bioelectrical impedance analysis, and bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed via calcaneal quantitative ultrasound.Compa…
Publication
PubMed ID28242511Published Date2017-06-01JournalEvaluation and program planning, 2017-06-01, Volume 62
This formative evaluation develops a novel conceptual model for a discipline approach fostering intrinsic motivation and positive relationships in schools. We used concept mapping to elicit and integrate perspectives on kind discipline from teachers, administrators, and other school staff. Three core themes describing kind discipline emerged from 11 identified clusters: (1) proactively developing a positive school climate, (2) responding to conflict with empathy, accountability, and skill, an…
Publication
PubMed ID28386527Published Date2017-06-01JournalMedical mycology case reports, 2017-06-01, Volume 16
Central Nervous System (CNS) vasculitis is the most common life-threatening complication of coccidioidal meningitis. It is manifested by cerebral ischemia, hemorrhage, and infarction. We report a case of CNS vasculitis in a patient receiving chemotherapy and review of the literature on coccidioidal meningitis. The patient was treated with combination antifungal therapy and a short course of high dose corticosteroids with a modest improvement in her neurological examination after initiation of…
Publication
PubMed ID27072165Published Date2017-06-01JournalSocial neuroscience, 2017-06-01, Volume 12
Individuals differ in their ability to understand emotional information and apply that understanding to make decisions and solve problems effectively - a construct known as Emotional Intelligence (EI). While considerable evidence supports the importance of EI in social and occupational functioning, the neural underpinnings of this capacity are relatively unexplored. We used Tract-Based Spatial Statistics (TBSS) to determine the white matter correlates of EI as measured by the ability-based Ma…