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Publication
PubMed ID27871670Published Date2017-03-01JournalBiological psychiatry, 2017-03-01, Volume 81
The male bias in autism spectrum disorder incidence is among the most extreme of all neuropsychiatric disorders, yet the origins of the sex difference remain obscure. Developmentally, males are exposed to high levels of testosterone and its byproduct, estradiol. Together these steroids modify the course of brain development by altering neurogenesis, cell death, migration, differentiation, dendritic and axonal growth, synaptogenesis, and synaptic pruning, all of which can be deleteriously impa…
Publication
PubMed ID28185269Published Date2017-03-01JournalActa psychiatrica Scandinavica, 2017-03-01, Volume 135
Recent research has demonstrated a strong relationship between psychotic experiences and suicidal behaviour. No research to date, however, has investigated the role of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in this relationship, despite the fact that BPD is highly comorbid with common mental disorders and is associated with both recurrent suicidal behaviour and psychotic experiences. This paper examined the relationship between psychotic experiences and suicide attempts, including interrelatio…
Publication
PubMed ID28057576Published Date2017-03-01JournalRespiratory physiology & neurobiology, 2017-03-01, Volume 237
Human breathing patterns contain both temporal scaling characteristics, and an innately random component. A stochastic and mathematically integrative model of breathing (SIMB) that simulated the natural random and fractal-like pattern of human breathing was designed using breath-to-breath interval (BBI) data recorded from 14 healthy subjects. Respiratory system memory was estimated with autocorrelation, and a probability density function (PDF) was created by fitting a polynomial curve to each…
Publication
PubMed ID27754781Published Date2017-03-01JournalJournal of occupational and environmental hygiene, 2017-03-01, Volume 14
Surgical respirators, surgical masks (SMs), and facemasks for pediatric use (FPUs) are routinely used in the U.S. healthcare industry as personal protective equipment (PPE) against infectious diseases. While N95s including surgical respirators have been routinely studied, SMs and FPUs have not received as much attention, particularly in the context of aerosolized threats. This is because SMs and PFUs are not designed to protect against sub-micron aerosols. However, with the possibility of new…
Publication
PubMed ID26176681Published Date2017-03-01JournalInternational journal of injury control and safety promotion, 2017-03-01, Volume 24
Unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death among children, especially in developing countries. Lack of reliable data regarding primary health care professionals' role in childhood unintentional injury prevention hinders the development of effective prevention strategies. A survey of 99 family physicians and nurses from 10 family health centres sought to develop insight into their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding unintentional injury prevention for children
Publication
PubMed ID27224002Published Date2017-03-01JournalHealth communication, 2017-03-01, Volume 32
In the context of public service advertisements promoting human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, the current research examines 1) the relative persuasiveness of narrative vs. non-narrative messages and 2) the influence of narrative perspective (first- vs. third-person) and modality (text-based vs. audio-based) on message effectiveness. Results of a controlled experiment (N = 121) suggested that both a non-narrative message and a first-person narrative message led to greater perceived risk of…
Publication
PubMed ID28103075Published Date2017-03-01JournalAmerican journal of public health, 2017-03-01, Volume 107
To evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based liver cancer prevention program on hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening among low-income, underserved Vietnamese Americans at high risk.We conducted a cluster randomized trial involving 36 Vietnamese community-based organizations and 2337 participants in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York City between 2009 and 2014. We randomly assigned 18 community-based organizations to a community-based multilevel HBV screening intervention (n = 1131). We…
Publication
PubMed ID28104345Published Date2017-03-01JournalEnvironmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 2017-03-01, Volume 222
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) may enter the environment because of accumulation in biosolids followed by application to agricultural lands. No published dissipation studies are available for PBDEs in agricultural soils after biosolids application. Therefore, we conducted a 3-year study to examine the fate of PBDEs in a small-scale 0.24-ha continuously cropped field after a single biosolids application at 72.3 wet tons/ha and determined dissipation half-lives for BDE-47+BDE-99 and BDE…
Publication
PubMed ID27923561Published Date2017-03-01JournalExperimental neurology, 2017-03-01, Volume 289
Many victims of blast-induced traumatic brain injury are occupants of military vehicles targeted by land mines. Recently improved vehicle designs protect these individuals against blast overpressure, leaving acceleration as the main force potentially responsible for brain injury. We recently developed a unique rat model of under-vehicle blast-induced hyperacceleration where exposure to acceleration as low as 50G force results in histopathological evidence of diffuse axonal injury and astrocyt…
Publication
PubMed ID28118920Published Date2017-03-01JournalInternational journal of medical informatics, 2017-03-01, Volume 99
Worldwide, patients have posted millions of online reviews for their doctors. The rich textual information in the online reviews holds the potential to generate insights into how patients' experience with their doctors differ across nations and how should we use them to improve our health service.We apply customized text mining techniques to compare online doctor reviews from China and the United States, in order to measure the systematic differences in patient reviews between the two countri…