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Publication
PubMed ID28193406Published Date2017-06-15JournalFood chemistry, 2017-06-15, Volume 225
Ascorbic acid (AsA) content in mature fruits of 457 apple accessions were measured, and a great variation in AsA concentration was detected. Wild fruits showed significantly higher level of AsA than cultivated fruits. Fruit AsA content was positively correlated with malic acid content, but negatively correlated with fruit weight and soluble solid content. Thus, the difference in AsA content between the wild and cultivated fruits could be attributed to an indirect consequence of human selectio…
Publication
PubMed ID27714810Published Date2017-06-01JournalJournal of cellular physiology, 2017-06-01, Volume 232
Mammalian sperm require to spend a limited period of time in the female reproductive tract to become competent to fertilize in a process called capacitation. It is well established that HCO is essential for capacitation because it activates the atypical soluble adenylate cyclase ADCY10 leading to cAMP production, and promotes alkalinization of cytoplasm, and membrane hyperpolarization. However, how HCO is transported into the sperm is not well understood. There is evidence that CFTR activity …
Publication
PubMed ID26486423Published Date2017-06-01JournalInternational journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 2017-06-01, Volume 61
Arrest and incarceration are a pervasive reality for people with mental illnesses. Wide variation, however, exists in the estimates of the percentage of people with mental illnesses who become involved in the criminal justice system. Researchers and practitioners need a variety of methods in their toolbox to maximize their ability to identify mental illness depending on available resources and needs. Yet, the benefits and costs of utilizing these different approaches have yet to be explored i…
Publication
PubMed ID28415495Published Date2017-06-01JournalMaterials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 2017-06-01, Volume 75
Bacterial colonization and biofilm formation on dental resin composites cause secondary caries that shortens the service life of dental restorative materials. In this study, commercial barium borosilicate based glass powders, fillers widely used in dental composites, were covalently immobilized with silver sulfadiazine to provide antimicrobial effects. The chemical reactions were followed by FT-IR study, elemental analysis, and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and the reaction pathway wa…
Publication
PubMed ID28338544Published Date2017-06-01JournalJournal of clinical psychopharmacology, 2017-06-01, Volume 37
Treatment augmentation is an important clinical decision in the pharmacotherapy for depression, yet few studies have examined the rates of treatment augmentation by medication class.The aim of this study was to examine which initial pharmacotherapies for depression are more likely than others to result in subsequent treatment augmentation.This study is a retrospective cohort analysis of administrative data of 214,705 privately insured US adults between the age of 18 and 64 years who were diag…
Publication
PubMed ID28415454Published Date2017-06-01JournalMaterials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 2017-06-01, Volume 75
The association structures formed by cationic liposomes and DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)-liposome have been effectively utilized as gene carriers in transfection assays. In this research study, cationic liposomes were prepared using a modified lipid film hydration method consisting of a lyophilization step for gene delivery applications. The obtained results demonstrated that the mean particle size had no significant change while the polydispersity (PDI) increased after lyophilization. The mea…
Publication
PubMed ID27627025Published Date2017-06-01JournalJournal of cellular physiology, 2017-06-01, Volume 232
Experimental approaches to define the relationship between gene expression and nuclear matrix attachment regions (MARs) have given contrasting and method-specific results. We have developed a next generation sequencing strategy to identify MARs across the human genome (MAR-Seq). The method is based on crosslinking chromatin to its nuclear matrix attachment sites to minimize changes during biochemical processing. We used this method to compare nuclear matrix organization in MCF-10A mammary epi…
Publication
PubMed ID27433781Published Date2017-06-01JournalJournal of sports sciences, 2017-06-01, Volume 35
Physical activity (PA) promotes health in obese youth and is an important adjunct to medical weight management. Access to structured fitness programmes for obese, low-income youth is limited and potential benefits of such programmes are poorly understood. We describe an urban afterschool fitness programme for obese youth and participants' changes in fitness and body composition. A case series of 30 youth (age: 11.5 ± 2.5 years) with BMI ≥95th percentile and physician referral received a 24-wk…
Publication
PubMed ID28271019Published Date2017-06-01JournalPreventive medicine reports, 2017-06-01, Volume 6
Given the prevalence and risk associated with indoor tanning among college students, university campuses constitute a prime target for skin cancer prevention. This report identifies the successes and challenges faced in promoting a campus-wide tan-free policy through the National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention (NCSCP) Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart Campus Initiative. Beginning in February 2016, we communicated with university faculty or staff members who have participated in skin cancer preven…
Publication
PubMed ID26605669Published Date2017-06-01JournalNeuropsychological rehabilitation, 2017-06-01, Volume 27
While data are accumulating on the association between neuropsychological performance and real-world endpoints, less is known about the association with medical self-management skills. The self-management of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is often complex, and mismanagement can result in hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia and associated morbidity and mortality. The T1D Exchange conducted a case-control study evaluating factors associated with severe hypoglycaemia in older adults (≥ 60 years old) with lo…